Highlights Of Land Acquisition Bill Amendments 2015 | Pros and Cons

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The Lok Sabha on Tuesday(March 17,2015) cleared the contentious land acquisition Bill, along with 9 Amendments proposed by the government.

Land Acquisition Bill :

Land Acquisition Bill Amendments 2015


The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Amendment) (RFCTLARR) Act is Popularly Known as Land Bill, Which was passed In Lok Sabha On March 9, 2015 with some amendments.[Source : prsindia.org]

Land Acquisition Bill creates five special categories for usage of land : 
1. Defence
2. Rural infrastructure
3. Affordable housing
4. Industrial corridors
5. Infrastructure projects including Public Private Partnership (PPP) projects where the central government owns the land

Major Amendments Made to Land Acquisition Bill, 2013 :

1. The earlier act provided for consent of 70% of land owners whose land is acquired for PPP projects and 80% for Private projects respectively , Now not required .

2.The Bill states that in calculating this time period, any period during which the proceedings of acquisition were held up: (i) due to a stay order of a court, or (ii) a period specified in the award of a Tribunal for taking possession, or (iii) any period where possession has been taken but the compensation is lying deposited in a court or any account, will not be counted.

3. In case land remains unutilized after acquisition, the new Bill empowers states to return the land either to the owner or to the State Land Bank.

4. According to the new amendments,Compulsory employment will be provided to one member of a farming family that is selling its land

5. While the LARR Act, 2013 was applicable for the acquisition of land for private companies, the Bill changes this to acquisition for ‘private entities’.

6. After the acquired land is sold to a third party for a higher price, 40% of the appreciated land value (or profit) will be shared with the original owners.

7. Limiting the industrial corridor to 1 km on both sides of highways and railway lines. This is limited to industrial corridors being set up by the government only.

8.  The LARR Act, 2013 required land acquired under it which remained unutilised for five years, to be returned to the original owners or the land bank.  The Bill states that the period after which unutilised land will need to be returned will be: 
(i) five years, or 
(ii) any period specified at the time of setting up the project, whichever is later.
9. While the LARR Act, 2013 was applicable for the acquisition of land for private companies, the Bill changes this to acquisition for ‘private entities’.

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